Adventures in iPhone photography from the creators of… Camera + MagiCam Filters

A Beginners Guide for Manual Controls in iPhone Photography: ISO

April 13, 2017 by 72 Comments

About Jack Hollingsworth

Jack Hollingsworth, a denizen of Austin, TX, is an award-winning, 30-year career veteran in commercial photography. Jack has fallen in love with his iPhone camera as his primary capture tool. He is also an avid Camera+ devotee and has been since day one. He deeply believes that, when all is said and done, the iPhone may just be remembered as the most influential capture device ever in the history of photography.

Welcome to the fifth and final feature in our series of Beginners Guides for Manual Controls in iPhone Photography. You can find the other installments here:

  1. Focus
  2. Exposure
  3. White Balance
  4. Shutter Speed
  5. ISO (this post)

Definitions and Acronyms: ASA & ISO

In photography-speak, for purposes of this general discussion, ASA and ISO are the same thing. ASA is a scale created by the American Standards Association that measures film speed. ASA, with few exceptions, is no longer used today. It was replaced by ISO in 1987 by the International Organization for Standardizations. (Oddly enough, it seems like it would be more justly called ISO – understandably confusing ). ASA is an old-school film acronym. ISO has more to do with the sensitivity of the sensor to light. 

A Brief History Lesson

When I was learning about photography (before digital came around) if I wanted a high or low ASA (ISO) film stock, I had to go and buy it. It was time consuming and expensive. There were different “film speeds” (ASA/ISO) for every occasion. There was ‘indoor’ film, ‘outdoor’ film, ‘sport/action’ film, etc. Now in the digital day and age, instead of being burdened with having to buy various film stocks you just change the ISO dial and viola. It couldn’t be easier – or cheaper. Long live digital!

Analog Film Speeds

Technically Speaking

ISO sets the amount of light-sensitivity for the camera sensor. The higher the ISO, the higher the amplification factor of the sensor. The good part of amplifying light is that the photo obviously gets brighter. The bad part of amplifying light is that you’re also amplifying the noise. So the higher the ISO setting you use, the “noisier” the photo will be. Trust me, you don’t want digital noise in your photographs. It’s ugly and distracting.
Like most of photography, it’s a matter of compromises and trade-offs to get the shot that you want. Having a working knowledge of ISO will help you make wise shooting choices so you can take the best photos for any given situation. 

Signal Amplification

Since the aperture on the iPhone camera is fixed, you really only have two variables to work with in controlling exposure – shutter speed and ISO. When freezing or blurring of the subject is most important, then I make sure I get the optimum shutter speed. And when having a low-noise photograph is my top creative priority, I then focus on controlling the ISO.

The iPhone is Optimized for Low ISO Shooting

I want you to go outside in full, bright, sunlight and snap off a dozen photographs. Then come inside and look at the EXIF data. What you’re going to find is that most of the images will indicate being shot at a low ISO – somewhere in the neighborhood of ISO 25 to ISO 50. Why? Simple – because low ISO photos create low noise photos. So our friends at Apple have optimized the iPhone camera to shoot at a low ISO setting in bright light. 

A few weeks back I was down in Galveston, Texas shooting Pleasure Pier. I randomly pulled these eight photographs shot over a two-hour window, and every single one of them indicated that it had been shot at ISO 25. Again, the iPhone is optimized for low-ISO shooting. That is the way Apple built it.


What to Do When the Light is Not Bright?

Because your iPhone sensor needs more light to get an exposure, the ISO, by default, will continue to remain low while the shutter speed gets slower (i.e. ISO 25/1000s, ISO 25/500s, ISO 25/250s, ISO 25/125s, etc.). Once the shutter speed goes all the way down to what is ideal for getting a crisp photograph (i.e. 1/60s, 1/30s, 1/15s), the ISO begins to increase. It can potentially go all the way up to the maximum of ISO 2000. As the ISO increases, so does the amplification signal as does the resulting “noise” (an important distinction to make here is that “noise” is not the same as “grain” – see the tips below for further explanation). Low ISOs create low-noise photographs and high ISOs create high-noise photographs. 

Noise Comparison

ISO Comparison

Extended ISO and Shutter Speed Ranges

One of the benefits of using Camera+ is that it has extended ISO and shutter speed ranges that go beyond what the standard Camera app is capable of. To understand what these extended ranges give you, you need to first understand what the default app gives you.

ISO Rating

  • On the iPhone, ISO range is approximately ISO 25 to ISO 2000
  • Camera+ gives you an extended ISO range to ISO 0.1


Shutter Speed

  • iPhone shutter speed range is 1/8000s (fast) to 1/3s (slow)
  • Camera+ gives you an extended shutter speed range up to a full 30 seconds

Extended Ranges

General Tips on Manual-Controlled Photography with Your iPhone


Manage Your Expectations

As much as I love my iPhone, it simply does not have a full-frame sensor. It’s getting better all the time, but don’t expect it to be a DSLR…just yet. Which means you need to learn to work within the 8-stop dynamic range of an iPhone sensor (half of the range of most DSLRs). Do not let this discourage you. By making sure that the dynamic range of the scene (8 stops) does not exceed the dynamic range of the sensor (8 stops) and blowing out highlights or losing shadow detail, you can create photos that will trick people into thinking you own a fancy DSLR.


One of the cool experiences I have had shooting with Camera+ in full manual mode is finally being able to get low-ISO photos in low light. (Hint: you need a steady tripod.) As we discussed, by default the native camera defaults in bright light conditions to a low ISO and high shutter speed, and the exception is when you are shooting indoors under low-light conditions. In these instances, the native camera defaults to a high ISO (meaning high noise) But now, with Camera+, because you have control over your shutter speed, you can create low-noise photographs, even indoors under very low-light conditions.

Noise in the Shadows

ISO “noise” is most apparent in the shadowy darker areas of the photograph, so be careful. Digital noise in the highlight areas is quite forgiving.

Grain vs. Noise

“Grain” is not the same as “noise”. “Grain” is a false throwback from analog, and generally is a positive in its adding to the emotional, nostalgic or cinematic feel of the photograph. “Noise”, on the other hand, is annoying and unattractive. It is clumps of colored speckles that look terrible. 

Small Sensors – More Noise

Small sensors, like on the iPhone, are prone to produce much more noise at higher ISOs than larger sensors, so pay attention. 

80/20 Rule 

I shoot approximately 80% of the time in auto mode and 20% in manual, for the trickier shots with irregular lighting. I’ve found this to be a good balance.

Last Resort

Remember the exposure triangle – the three factors that control exposure – are aperture, shutter speed and ISO. The aperture on the iPhone is fixed – nothing you can do about it. That leaves both the ISO and the shutter speed to control. It is preferable to play with the shutter speed and then change the ISO as a last resort.

Web vs. Print

If you are primarily posting your photos to social media the “noise” won’t play as significant a part when you go to print your images. Social media is forgiving to noise-laden photos. Print is not!

Live Exposure Display

It is always preferable to see what shutter speed and ISO the camera is on. That’s exactly why I shoot with Camera+. It has a “live exposure display” feature so there is no guesswork.

Optimized for Under 100 ISO

To get the best photos that you can, the iPhone camera is optimized for best results between ISO 25 and ISO 100.
Happy shooting!

Who Linked To This


  1. Thanks for this valuable and well written article. I will be working on this today with camera+ and a tripod of course! Thanks again

  2. Just a little info on the previous person’s comment on ISO verses IOS …?
    For your readers – ISO is the correct reference in digital exposures. No typo happened, Jerry.
    Always check your info before hand.

    And to help your readers, if I dare presume to be so impertinent….

    Another word for noise in digital photos that is so unsightly is artifacts. These also appear in photos for other reasons as well.
    On this subject one could also explore posterization, banding and something very often ignored in photos that is equally considered as bad or I’d say worse than noise; moire.
    I’m talking mostly for digital SLRs or better cameras.
    Cheers to all and happy shooting!
    Lynne Craigmyle

  3. @Lynne I believe what Jack’s comment refers to is the fact that the acronym for International Organization for Standards should be logically IOS. That is why the author wrote in humour “Oddly enough it seems it would be more justly called….”. We know of course that the correct acronym is ISO.
    Thanks for the pointers to posterisation and Moire. Will look them up.

  4. Thanks to you I now have a better understanding of photography. The camera+ app is a great app !!

  5. Thank you Jack for these videos always extremely interesting and filled with very judicious advice. Thanks to you and the Camera + application I take many pleasures to make pictures with my iphone.

  6. Again where are the controls to adjust shutter speed? That’s what I bought the app for. Any reply?

  7. Hello Cathy, first of all you have to adjust your preferences by going into the advanced settings. Then select the Always Show option and the Real Time Exposure option. Then check the shutter priority. Now go back to your camera +. Click on the small thumbnail at the bottom in the middle to enter the “seconds” and “ISO” settings. You can now lower the duration with the small arrows on each side.

  8. Jack, what is the maximum iso of the iPhone X. I’m curious because the new Xperia X72 is reported to have a maximum iso of 12,800. Thank you.

  9. Extended shutter & ISO mode does not work on iPad Air. How could it NOT work on iPad Air (iOS 11.4) Also doesn’t work on iPhone 5s (iOS 11.4).

  10. Izspa is best place known for female to male body massage and body to body massage,Thai massage service in Bangalore.Our motto is giving 100% satisfaction to our customers.We are known for safe and secure service provider among all.

    Visit massage centre near me

  11. Our centre has all the best equipment and highly trained staff, which makes it a complete solution to your body spa and massage needs. Visit our spa today if you’re looking for the best and most ideal spa in Bangalore.Visit erotic spa near me

  12. The post could be very informative many people need to examine this form of the post I’m also part of them and after studying always supply true evaluations however this is not my profession I’m a style clothier and also designed the and after the job, my first preference is studying this kind of put up.

  13. Thanks for this informative guide on manual controls in iPhone photography, specifically ISO. It’s amazing how adjusting ISO can significantly impact image quality. By the way, if you’re a student working on a dissertation, you might find it helpful to explore reliable online services that offer assistance with crafting impressive online dissertation proposal. Good luck!

  14. Thank you for generously sharing such valuable insights and practical knowledge, making this post an indispensable resource for readers.

  15. Amar Matka has earned its reputation as a trusted and reputable platform in the world of Satta Matka. With its rich legacy, comprehensive game options, user-friendly interface, timely results, and expert guidance, Amar Matka has garnered a loyal following of players who value a reliable and enjoyable gaming experience.

  16. The Medical Care Financing Program is a comprehensive initiative that seeks to optimize healthcare funding, ensure accessibility, and enhance medical services. It achieves this by integrating innovative financing models to address cost challenges while prioritizing patient-centric care. This program places a strong emphasis on preventive measures, cost-effective treatments, and efficient resource allocation. Through strategic partnerships with both public and private sectors, it aims to establish a sustainable healthcare ecosystem.

    Furthermore, the program utilizes data-driven approaches to streamline administrative processes, reduce inefficiencies, and promote transparency. Ultimately, the goal of the Medical care financing program is to achieve universal healthcare coverage, improve health outcomes, and establish a resilient healthcare system capable of adapting to evolving medical needs.

  17. is to achieve universal healthcare coverage, improve health outcomes, and establish a resilient healthcare system capable of adapting to evolving medical needs.
    تحلیل سبز

  18. The article might include a lot of useful information. This type of article needs to be examined by many people, of which I am one. After studying, I always give honest assessments, but this is not my line of work; rather, I am a style designer and clothier, so researching this type of post comes first for me. read food stall adventure in jaipur

  19. Take off the captivating Super Bowl Andra Day Oversized Blazer to reveal the pinnacle of style. Invest in this eye-catching Blazer to make your day enjoyable. Fans and fashionistas alike are taking notice of Andra Day’s Super Bowl ensemble. So put it in your wardrobe and dress up like a queen every time you wear it.

  20. “Discover the comfort and style of Miami Dolphins Hoodie Collection and redefine your casual wardrobe! Our collection features a variety of hoodies crafted for both fashion and functionality. Whether you prefer cozy classics or trendy designs, our Hoodie Fashions offer versatility and comfort without compromising on style. Embrace the relaxed yet chic appeal with pieces perfect for lounging or stepping out in style. Explore the latest in hoodie trends that blend comfort with urban fashion flair. Elevate your everyday look with [Your Brand Name]. Shop now and embrace the laid-back charm of Hoodie Fashions that suit your lifestyle.”

  21. Mastering iPhone photography’s manual controls, like ISO, enhances creative control. I adjust ISO for varying light conditions, balancing outsource real estate image blending services brightness and minimizing noise. It’s pivotal for capturing crisp, well-exposed shots in any setting. Understanding these basics elevates mobile photography skills, ensuring stunning results with every click.

  22. Capture life’s moments with iPhone photography, where art meets technology, just like a stylish snap of your favorite designer bags ! Learn tips and tricks to elevate your mobile photography game and make your photos shine like a luxurious designer bag. Discover the beauty in everyday moments and frame them with elegance!

  23. Exploring manual controls like ISO in iPhone photography opens up a world of creative possibilities for beginners. Understanding ISO settings helps you capture clearer, brighter, and more detailed photos in different lighting conditions. It’s an essential skill that enhances your photography skills and lets you capture stunning images with your iPhone.

  24. This beginner’s guide dives into manual controls like exposure, shutter speed, and ISO, giving you more creative control over your photos and helping you capture stunning images.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *